There is a huge development in the cosmetic surgery categories in India; as a result, the hair transplantation surgeries are increasing every year, same as the increasing percentage of hair loss in India.
The common hair loss in men and women is called as ‘Androgenic alopecia’, which is the medical description of the hair loss from the parts of the body; it also refers to baldness. This condition in male is popularly known as ‘Male Pattern Baldness’. A recent survey shows that around 63% of Indian males in the age group of 21 to 60 years suffer from the male pattern baldness; this figure is relatively higher than the affected percentage in the USA, which is around 56%. These have made many hospitals in India to specialize in the cosmetic surgery, especially hair transplantation. Many renowned hospitals like Apollo Hospitals; AIIMS, Delhi; private hospitals like Dr. Bhatti’s Hair Transplant Clinic, etc… have a specialty department working on hair transplantation surgery. The hair loss is caused due to many ways, such as genetic inheritance; stress at work/life; trauma situations; accidents; imbalanced diet conditions, etc… You could also contact the ‘Indian Association of Hair Restoration Surgeons’ for valid information and details. There are many hair loss treatments, such as the following:
This is the oldest form of hair loss treatment, which involves transplanting hair follicles, which exactly resembles a toothbrush. This is not considered to be the most elegant form of hair transplantation methods.
This method provides a soft hairline appearance and doesn’t provide hair density.
This is a small grafting technique, which involves 2 or 3 thin hair placement, behind the hairline appearance in order to give the thick hair (density) appearance.
Follicular Unit Transplantation (FUT)
This is the most recent techniques used for hair loss treatments. It involves transferring the hair follicles, which are in turn bald resistant. The hair follicles are transferred from one part of the body, which is considered as the donor site to the affected area of the body, in other words the recipient site. This has become popular and widely recommended by all the cosmetic surgeons, as it involves replacing the baldness, or affected area with naturally occurring hair follicles. Hence, this method results in implanting a natural appearance. The method is implemented through two types of significant techniques, such as ‘Strip’ harvesting and ‘Follicular Unit Extraction (FUE)’ harvesting. The strip harvesting involves removing a small strap of scalp skin, which is then cut into small pieces for further implantation into the affected (bald) area. This method would leave scar in the donor site; whereas, the FUE harvesting involves cutting the tiny punches of hair follicles of around 0.6 mm to 1.25mm in diameter from the donor site to the recipient site. Each follicle is carefully implanted in the affected area without leaving any scars. This method is more preferred and have become more popular, recently, as the natural occurring hairs are harvested using modern, sophisticated techniques and instruments; thereby avoiding the tissue removal, scar formation, side effects, etc.
Tissue expansion & Flap surgery
In case, if the bald area, or the affected section consists of too much of burns and scars, then the skin from the surrounding area is transplanted, either through tissue expansion method, or via flap surgery method.